_中考英语常见错误H系列_

half,动词,名词,谓语,复数
 had better 

  [误] You have better hurry.

  [正] You had better hurry.

  [析] had better只用过去时had,不要误用成现在时have。

  [误] You hadn't better worry.

  [正] You had better not worry.

  [析] had better后面加不带to的不定式,其否定式是"had better not 动词原形"。

  half 

  [误] I had driven about half mile.

  [正] I had driven about half a mile.

  [析] "半小时"有两种讲法half an hour, a half hour. 而"一个半小时"应讲an hour and a half或one and a half hours."半天"应讲half a day,"半镑"应讲half a pound.但要尽量避免使用half a year,而应用six months;不用half a month, 而用two weeks或fifteen days.

  [误] Half us could go to the park.

  [正] Half of us could go to the park.

  [析] half用于名词前可用of结构也可不用of结构,但用于代词前则必须加of。如:More than half (of) my classmates are boys.

  [误] One and half apples are left on the table.

  [正] One and half apples is left on the table.

  [析] 一个半one and half后面的名词要用复数,而句中的谓语动词却要用单数。

  [误] Half of the work are done.

  [正] Half of the work is done.

  [误] Half of the six apples is red.

  [正] Half of the six apples are red.

  [析] "half of 名词"这一结构后面的谓语动词应与of后面的名词相一致,如为不可数名词或可数名词单数,要用单数谓语动词;而复数名词后面要加与复数相对应的谓语动词。

  hand 

  [误] He shook hand with his teacher.

  [正] He shook hands with his teacher.

  [析] 与某人握手要用shake hands. 与hand有关的词组中有很多要用复数形式,如:change hands (转手、易手),in the hands of (由……控制),join hands (与人合作)。

  happen

  [误] What was happened to you last month?

  [正] What happened to you last month?

  [误] An accident was happened in this street last night.

  [正] An accident happened in this street last night.

  [析] 在英语中不及物动词没有被动态,作为"发生"讲的happen,take place和break out都不具有被动态。happen to常用来表达一件偶然发生的事,如:If you happen to meet my sister please ask her to call me.

  hard 

  [误] I have to study hardly.

  [正] I have to study hard.

  [析] hard是形容词,如:a hard work,但它同时也是副词。hardly是hard的又一副词形式,但词意截然不同,意为"几乎不"。

  [误] I had my leg broken last term, so I couldn't hardly study at all.

  [正] I had my leg broken last term so I hardly studied at all.

  [析] hardly意为"否定",所以不要再加否定词语了,如果hardly用于句首则应采用倒装语序,如:Hardly had he arrived when she started complaining.

复数动词名词谓语half

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