_中考英语常见错误B系列_

动词,状语,We,英语,主句

  B

  back

  [误] I'm sorry. I have to back home.

  [正] I'm sorry. I have to go back home.

  [正] I'm sorry. I have to go home.

  [析] back用作“回到(某处)”之意,不是动词。

  be

  [误] Where do you from?

  [正] Where are you from?

  [析] “你从何处来”应为Where are you from?或Where do you come from? 但要注意这两句话均是问对方从哪个国家来的。要是口语中问“你是从什么地方来?”应讲Where did you come from?回答用I came from the library.

  beat

  [误] We have won your class.

  [正] We have beaten your class.

  [正] We have won the game.

  [析] win是胜过之意,它是及物动词,但其后的宾语只能接比赛、战争、奖品、奖金的名称,如:Which team won the football match? 而beat指打败对手、敌人……如:My brother beat me at poker.(要注意的是,beat的过去式与原形相同,而过去分词为beaten)。

  [误] The ball beat me badly.

  [正] The ball hit me badly.

  [误] He used to hit the little boy black and blue.

  [正] He used to beat the little boy black and blue.

  [析] beat指打击多次,而hit则为击中对方的一次性打击。

  beautiful

  [误] He is a beautiful boy.

  [正] He is a handsome boy.

  [析] 我们可以讲She is a beautiful girl. This is a beautiful park. 但要讲男人的"英俊"时要用handsome.

  because

  [误] The reason why I was late is because I was ill.

  [正] The reason why I was late is that I was ill.

  [误] Because it was Sunday, so the park was crowded.

  [正] Because it was Sunday the park was crowded.

  [析] 这种错误是因为中文的习惯与英语的表述法不同,中文常讲我来晚了的原因是因为我病了,而英文中的第二个因为要用that代替。又因中文常讲因为……所以……,而英文中用了因为就不能再用所以了,同样用了"所以"也就不要再用"因为"一词。例如:Because we study hard, we passed the exam easily. 或者:We study hard so we passed the exam easily.

  because、because of

  because后要接从句,例如:We like physics because we can learn a lot of new ideas. 而because of后要接名词作介词宾语,如:He is not at school because of the illness.

  before

  [误] We have two hours to kill before we will go home.

  [正] We have two hours to kill before we go home.

  [析] kill time意为"消磨时光"。

  英语状语从句中要用一般现在时表示将来的动作。如:If it rains we will not go to the park.

  [误] I did this work two days before.

  [正] I did this work two days ago.

  [析] 用ago组成的时间状语其主句中的谓语动词要用过去时,而before引起的时间状语其主句中的谓语动词多用完成时,如:I has done this work a few days before.

  before long、long before

  before long是"不久"之意,例如:I shall go to America before long. 而long before则是"很久很久"之意,如:We knew this teacher long before we saw him. (我们在看到这位老师之前很久就知道他了。)

英语We动词状语主句

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